By the time it’s finished, the world will be able to call itself a carbon-free world.
But the task ahead for those who want to make the transition is daunting.
It involves adapting to a changing world in which the global economy is powered by carbon dioxide, an element in the atmosphere that has a profound effect on the climate.
For decades, governments have tried to limit emissions by making it more difficult for new technologies to enter the market and by encouraging consumers to buy more expensive fuel.
Yet, as the world’s population grows and urban areas expand, carbon-intensive industries like factories, cars, and homes will continue to grow.
The U.N. is putting its efforts behind the Sustainable Development Goals, which are aimed at limiting greenhouse gas emissions to below the 1990 levels set by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
But climate change is not a new problem, nor is it just an economic problem.
Climate change also has an effect on health, education, and economic growth.
That means the world has an opportunity to build new, more resilient industries and create jobs that have not been created elsewhere.
At the same time, it is important to keep in mind that carbon-related jobs will not necessarily disappear.
This article is part of a series on how to prepare for the coming climate crisis.